What it means to adopt a spouse’s child

Consequences to Stepparent Adoption

A stepparent adoption creates a legal parent-child relationship between the adopting parent and the stepchild. It gives both you and the stepchild many legal rights and responsibilities, some of which continue into the child’s adulthood.

Here are some of the more important consequences of adoption. The adoption laws treat you as if your stepchild were your natural child. You become legally responsible for the care, education and support of the child until they are an adult (or even after, in some particular situations), and you have the right to exercise authority over the child. He or she has a child’s right to inherit from you, if you die without a will. You have a corresponding right to inherit as a parent if the child dies. Your adopted child loses almost all child-parent rights with respect to the absent parent. (For example, those rights conferred by your state’s “intestate” succession laws.)

The child may, however, still inherit from the absent parent, if that parent dies without a will and the child and the absent parent ever lived together as parent and child. Of course, adoption doesn’t affect wills; the absent parent could always leave your adopted child money or property by naming them in a will. Also, if the absent parent dies after the adoption, your adopted child may still be eligible to receive Social Security death benefits if the deceased absent parent had a Social Security account. Relatives of the deceased absent parent may be granted visitation rights with your adopted child if they apply to the court in a timely manner.

The absent parent loses all parental rights and obligations when his or her child is adopted. Thus he or she has no right to visit the child, and no obligation to provide support. The child is also relieved of any responsibilities they may have to the absent parent.

The changes in these rights are permanent. An adoption decree cannot be set aside unless there was a serious legal defect or fraud in the adoption action, or, in some states, unless the adopted child is discovered to be developmentally disabled or mentally ill within five years after the adoption.

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