Filing your Minnesota stepparent adoption doesn’t have to be difficult.

 

Prior to filing your Petition for adoption, you must have been a bona fide resident of Minnesota for six months prior to the filing of the petition, which residency must be stated in the complaint and proved at the final hearing (Drivers License, etc.). If both parties currently reside in the state, then there is no time period required.

 

If you have minor children living with your spouse in another state for over six months, then you should consider filing in that state as that court has jurisdiction over the children. Your spouse can waive that jurisdiction in writing.

 

You should file the adoption in the county your spouse lives in, or in the county that you both lived in when you separated, or in your county if your spouse lives out of state. You or your spouse must have a Minnesota address in the county of filing. Minnesota civilian residents living overseas may file in Minnesota if they have maintained their residency in Minnesota.

 

The grounds which typically justify the termination of parental rights in a stepparent adoption involve abandonment, failure to support the child, imprisonment, certain abuse, and other grounds. The grounds for the termination of parental rights are different for each state, but all states accept the grounds of abandonment and lack of support, and some states include other grounds.

 

In Minnesota, the absent parent has given implied consent to adoption or relinquishment pursuant to Section 26-10A-9 as outlined below:

 

  1. The absent parent has abandoned the adoptee, failing to offer financial and/or emotional support for a period over 6 months from the filing of this petition.
  2. The absent parent has knowingly left the adoptee with the other parent without provisions for support and without communication, or otherwise maintaining a significant parental relationship with the adoptee for a period of over 6 months from the filing of this petition.
  3. The natural father failed to comply with Section 26-10C-1, which deals with the putative father.

 

Most states do not have any provisions for the visitation rights of the parent losing parental rights, or the grandparents associated with that parent. There are some states who will recognize agreements for visitation by the parent losing their parental rights, but this is typically up to the discretion of the adopting parents.

 

Our documents are for the entire State of Minnesota.

 

You must file the adoption documents in the Family Court in the county in which you are filing. Some court addresses for larger counties are as follows:

 

Hennepin County Conciliation Court: Minneapolis City Hall, 350 South 5th Street, Rm. #306, Minneapolis, MN 55415 Phone: 612-348-2713

 

Hennepin County: Family Justice Center Suite 600 110 South Fourth Street, Minneapolis, MN 55401 Phone: 612-348-6734

 

Ramsey County District Court: St. Paul City Hall Courthouse, 15 W. Kellogg Blvd, St. Paul, MN 55102 Phone: (651) 266-8266

 

St. Louis County District Court – Duluth: 100 North 5th Ave. W., Duluth, MN 55802 Phone: (218) 726-2460 (800) 450-9777 Ext 2460

 

Cook County District Court: 411 West 2nd Street, Grand Marais, MN 55604 Phone: (218) 387-3610 Fax: (218) 387-3007

 

Stearns County District Court: 725 Courthouse Square, St. Cloud, MN 56303 Phone: (320) 656-3620 Fax: (320) 656-3626

 

Clay County District Court: 807 11th Street North, Moorhead, MN 56560 Phone: (218) 299-5065 Fax: (218) 299-7307

 

Olmsted County District Court: 151 Fourth Street SE, Rochester, MN 55904 Phone: (507) 206-2452 Fax: (507) 285-8996

 

Freeborn County District Court: 411 South Broadway, Albert Lea, MN 56007 Phone: (507) 377-5153

 

The court filing fees for an adoption in Minnesota are $0.00 (No Fee). The publication fee is approximately $65.

 

There may also be a home study fee that is paid later in the adoption process. Check with your local court for the fee, if any, that may be associated with the home study.

 

You may call the Clerk of the Court in your county to determine the exact fees in your county.

 

In many stepparent adoptions, the absent parent may be willing to sign a consent form which consents to the termination of their parental rights and consents to the adoption. If the absent parent is willing to sign a consent this will make the process a little easier because the court will know from the beginning that all parties agree to the stepparent adoption. Many of our adoption customers don’t know the whereabouts of the other parent, or the other parent has such a disinterest that he/she just won’t sign any documents. In this situation, you will file the adoption documents and then serve the absent parent by the following manner:

 

1. Whereabouts of the other parent are UNKNOWN:
If you are unable to locate the absent parent after a diligent search, then you can serve the parent by publication. This means that a notice is published in a local legal publication. Typically publication is once a week for 4 weeks. The publication fee for the newspaper averages around $85, but varies depending on where you live. Upon the filing of the Affidavit the clerk shall direct that service of notice be made by publication in a newspaper of general circulation in the county in which the complaint is filed. We provide all the required documents for service by publication.

 

2.The parent just won’t sign, but grounds exist for the adoption: If you know the whereabouts of the other parent, but that parent won’t sign due to disinterest, you can have that parent served by the Sheriff’s department or a private process server. This can be done even if the other parent is incarcerated in jail or a federal prison.

 

Go to our questionnaire and get started today.

 


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